Oakwood operates a Local Health Department, but works in close coordination with Public Health – Dayton & Montgomery County, which serves all of Montgomery County.
Oakwood has a five member Board of Health which is appointed by City Council. The Board of Health is assisted by the Health Commissioner, Assistant Health Commissioner/Medical Director, Sanitarian and Board Administrator. The Board addresses issues related to public health, including inspections of such things as food service operations, retail food establishments, public swimming pools, schools, and the municipal jail. The Board of Health typically meets bi-monthly and responds to public health concerns as they may arise.